Silence of Hugo Chávez Fuels Speculation and Rumors

June 27th, 2011

By Dan Miller

Hugo ChavezWhat would a future with a diminished or dead Chávez mean for the rest of Latin America and for the United States?

There have been many articles on the medical condition of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez.  However, beyond reporting that he was hospitalized soon after his arrival in Cuba on June 8 (allegedly for surgical treatment of a pelvic abscess), is still there, and has  been uncharacteristically uncommunicative, they have been based mostly on rumors and the speculation they produce.  Miami, Florida, has a significant Venezuelan expat community and there have been lively discussions there about Chávez’s condition and what his death would mean.  Although they have access to more information than most folks in Venezuela, they seem to be up in the air as well.  Chávez may have died in Cuba on the morning of June 25.

According to a tweet from WikiLeaks Argentina, “BREAKING NEWS! The president of Venezuela Hugo Chavez died in Cuba this morning. 06/25/2011 08:43AM.”  The WikiLeaks report has been received with great skepticism, was discounted in a Business Insider article, and has not generally been picked up by the media, probably for good reasons.  There was an article on June 27 (in Spanish) in Periodista Latino — apparently published in Spain principally for Latin American expats and said to be based on reports by an anonymous reporter in Havana — claiming that Chávez has been in a coma for five days due to septicemia and that he is in one of Fidel Castro’s houses under tight security lest there be leaks of information such as might happen were he in the hospital.  It is said that European physicians and lots of medical equipment are there to care for him.  True?  It makes at least as much sense as other claims.  The fact is that nobody in a position to make credible, factual, and substantive statements is willing or otherwise able to do so. 

Perhaps the most enlightening official statement was reported in the Telegraph, via a reporter in Brazil, that

While other Venezuelan ministers have attempted to dampen speculation by insisting Mr Chavez is recovering well, comments by Nicholas Maduro, the foreign minister, on Friday suggested that the situation may be serious.

“The battle that President Chavez is waging for his health must be everyone’s battle: the battle for life, for the immediate future of our fatherland,” he said.  (emphasis added)

Daniel Duquenal (a pseudonym), a highly perceptive Venezuelan blogger who posts in both English and Spanish, on June 23 provided his interpretation of what another respected Venezuelan blogger, Gustavo Coronel, had written in Spanish crediting rumors that Chávez has terminal prostate cancer.  According to Daniel’s interpretation of what Gustavo Coronel had written, Chávez had been operated on in Venezuela and problems were found there requiring advanced body scans, not available in Venezuela unless he went to one of the very few private clinics capable of providing them.  That would have been a politically unacceptable confession that Chávez’s socialist clinics are incapable of meeting important needs such as his.  He flew to Brazil and Ecuador for show and developed a post-operative infection and then a fever while in Cuba, “a convenient excuse to justify Chavez stay while the real stuff was being done, namely the body scans.”

Since his arrival in Cuba, Chávez has had very few publicly disclosed contacts with Venezuela.  His vice president, Elias Jaua, a non-charismatic guy lacking Chávez’s “charm” and popular appeal, has been dealing with day-to-day domestic affairs. Things went very badly for Venezuela when Chávez was there and in charge, and for his vice president to make improvements seems unlikely; in the unlikely event that he could he probably wouldn’t, because that could place him even closer to the center of a Chavista power struggle, a dangerous place to be.  Nor, at least until Chávez is indisputably dead, might he want to be seen as upstaging him.

The conspiracy theories and absence of reliable sources of non-speculative information speak loudly about political and other conditions in Venezuela.  It’s possible that Chávez could be dead for a month or more and the pretense that he remains alive and is recovering would persist.  Even an official announcement of this death and the public display of a corpse (not necessarily his) could be viewed with skepticism and be seen as the prelude to his miraculous Lazarus-like restoration to life.  There are many who would credit such an occurrence; Chávez is already considered by some to be the reincarnation of Simon Bolivar and his resurrection would not be a giant leap of faith.   Education is very poor in Venezuela.  Although the literacy rate is about ninety-three percent, that means little because “literacy” has different meanings and because reading with comprehension is by no means the same as reading without comprehension.  As noted in the CIA Factbook entry on Venezuela, where the literacy rate is reported,

There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition — the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook.

A very well educated Venezuelan friend told me a decade ago that schools in Venezuela had long been designed to discourage critical thinking among the masses, making “literacy” meaningless for evaluating popular perceptions.  It seems likely that critical reading and thinking are more discouraged now than then.

The most important questions now, if Chávez is dead or dies soon, are what will happen with Venezuela domestically and what strings its government will be able to pull internationally.  Even under Chávez, its power had been in decline internationally and some countries — including even Cuba — have begun to adopt modestly more capitalist economic strategies as Venezuela has become increasingly Communist.

Will the Venezuelan opposition — very divided, with little leadership, charismatic or otherwise, and many in jail on apparently trumped up charges — manage to assume power, or will it fall to a Chavista? Chávez has done a great job of making sure that nobody, Chavista or not, would be in a position to succeed to his office or to his power.  He has used both rewards and punishments to that end.  That and his popular appeal have been the only specialties of governance at which he has succeeded.  He knows about coups, tried one himself, and went to jail rather than into the Presidential Palace.  When he eventually became the president, he was briefly ousted by a coup, from which he recovered.

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One Response to “Silence of Hugo Chávez Fuels Speculation and Rumors”

  1. John H.M. Smith |

    His brother is now threatening “armed struggle” if an opposition party take power: “… It would be inexcusable to limit ourselves to only the electoral and not see other forms of struggle, including the armed struggle.”
    See, this is democracy. And most of the poor support him.

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